dentistry, types of dentistry, dental and oral health, dentists, oral health

Learn About The Different Types of Dentistry

The field of dentistry extends beyond your Palm Beach Gardens family dentist. To become a qualified doctor in oral medicine, you have to be in school for more than seven years, where regular dental schooling takes up four of them.

After the seven years, the state gives you a written exam that you must pass before you qualify to become a general dentist. If you choose to become a specialized dentist, you’ll need further training and knowledge. At the same time, you need to keep up with modernization and trends in your specified field of dentistry, as well as in dental practices as a whole.

How Do You Become a Certified Dentist

Qualified dentists use abbreviations such as DDS (Doctor of Dental Surgery), DDM (Doctor of Dental medicine), or DMD (Doctor of Medicine in Dentistry) depending on the school of dentistry attended and courses completed.

Dentistry is an old practice and focuses on treating, preventing, and diagnosing oral problems relating to the teeth, jaws and facial structure. Other than general dentistry, there are further specialized fields for dentists who’d like to major in one area of oral health. Below is a brief description of the types of dentistry that are available in the field of dental and oral care.

General Dentistry

A general dentist specializes in the prevention and diagnosis of common oral diseases. You’re more likely to visit a general dentist than any other specialist because they help to mitigate the deterioration of oral problems. The work of a general dentist is to clean your teeth, check the condition of your teeth and gums, and offer advice on how to maintain proper oral health. General dentists also take up cosmetic procedures such as dental veneers and teeth whitening, among other aesthetic dental processes.


The work of an endodontist is to treat the inner part of the tooth. Below the gums, the tooth has a network of blood vessels, tissue, and nerves that can cause a lot of pain when infected. If you’re experiencing internal pain in the tooth, there are chances that your tooth pulp has an infection and thus require an endodontist to rule out the problem.

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon

An oral and maxillofacial surgeon will require an additional four years of schooling beyond that of a general dentist. These dental surgeons specialize in emergency surgery, anesthesiology, and general oral surgery. Their work revolves around deep tissue surgery in the oral cavity, face, and lips.


The orthodontics field focuses on aligning crooked teeth and jaws. Most people get their first experience with an orthodontist when they are in their teens, getting braces either installed or removed. In addition to the four years of dental schooling, an orthodontist will need two more years of training on the correction and prevention methods of bite and alignment problems.


A certified periodontist treats and prevents all major issues regarding gums. The pink layer of tissue holding your teeth in place is a periodontist’s point of focus. They can perform minor gum surgery when you have periodontal disease, graft and align the gum to improve how your smile looks, and place dental implants.


Replacement of natural teeth is a delicate procedure that requires prosthodontists. These professionals specialize in partial or full mouth teeth replacement. Their specialty is dentures, tooth crown installation, dental bridges, and porcelain veneers.